The capital of Adjara, Batumi, was built near the confl uence of rivers Bartskhani and Korolistskali, on the coast of a well-guarded natural harbor - seaside of Batumi gulf. It is a city of ancient history: as a result of archeological excavations, ruins and remnants of settlements dating to II-I millennia BC were uncovered. As early as I c. Roman naturalist and philosopher, Pliny the Elder in his work History of Nature calls Batumi a sea harbor of "Batiss". As it looks, in antique times Batumi as a harbor city had important transit function and close trade relationships with neighbor and far-away countries. During centuries importance of Batumi as a port city was so big that Greeks, Romans, Ottomans or Russians perpetually tried to keep it in their hands. In the beginning of XX century, in 1919, in British occupied Batumi, governor was a British general.
In 1878-1886 Batumi was declared porto-franko (port with free import and export of commodities without customs duties). In the same period was inaugurated Batumi-Baku railway (1883) and oil pipeline (1897-1907) boosting development of the city. In this period Batumi was the place of business activities of tycoons - Swede brothers Alfred, Robert and Ludwig Nobels and baron Alphonse de Rothschild. Inauguration of the railway and terminal is considered an achievement of Nobel brothers. In the house where they kept their offi ce today is Nobel Museum, and nowadays Batumi maternity hospital is located in Rothschild house for construction of which baron brought bricks from France along with the masons. In recent years many works have been conducted to decorate the city. Beach has grown and expanded, new buildings have been constructed, entertainment parks evolved, world-famous hotel chains have opened their hotels.
RESORT OF BATUMI
Location: Kakhaberi lowland
Distance: 360 km away from Tbilisi
Elevation from sea level: 5 m
Natural treatment factors: humid maritime subtropical climate and sea water
Types of therapy: aerial and sun baths, swimming in the sea, sea baths, curing walks and others
Diseases for treatment: cardiovascular and respiratory system (non-TB) diseases, iron-defi cit anemia, endocrine and little physical activity caused obesity