There are three operational sections of mineral water in Borjomi: central (within boundaries of the town), Likani (on the territory of Likani) and Vashlovani-Kvibisi (on the territories of Vashlovani and Kvibisi). There are 9 operative springs in sections that are 1200-1500 m depth. Major characteristic feature of warm (28-33 degrees) mineral water spring in Likani (former settlement, nowadays part of Borjomi, a neighbourhood in ultimate western part of the town), is a special combination of hydro-carbonates, magnesium and calcium, and large quantities of natural carbonic acid gas providing water fl owing from 1500 m depth with unmatched mild taste. On the bank of river Mtkvari, between mountains in Likani a park with centennial oaks and pine trees was laid out. In the center of the park stands Romanov Palace with decorative plants and small gardens around it.
The Palace was projected by architect Leon Benois in 1892-95 under the auspices of the Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich Romanov for his brother, Russian emperor Alexander II, as a summer mansion. In 1898 with the purpose of electric power supply to the Palace, the fi rst hydro power plant in the Russian empire on river Borjomula was built. The Palace compound consists of 7 buildings. The main Palace is erected in Mauritanian style and is noted with its original architectural features - it has different forms from all sides. Palace halls are also arranged in different styles. Palace was a favorable summer retreat not only for the Romanov family: in Soviet times fi rst leaders of the country used to come here for holidays, including, but not limited to, Joseph Stalin, who visited Likani in 1951. In the Romanov study which was used also by Stalin up to the present are preserved two historical nails struck by him personally: one on the desk to hang a cap and another on the wall for hanging his tunic.
RESORT OF LIKANI
Location: Borjomi Distance: 160 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level: 1350 m
Natural treatment factors: climate of middle mountain and slight mineralization carbohydrate, hydro-carbonate, calcium-sodium, mineral waters containing silicon acid (150 mg/l), arsenic and phosphorus compounds in small quantities with general mineralization of 3,5-4,5 g/dm3;
Discharge: 20 thous. l/day
Types of therapy: climate therapy, mineral water application (drinking), balneotherapy procedures (baths, showers, inhalation)
Diseases for treatment: diseases of alimentary tract system, pulmonary TB (active form)